Spanish History I NOVASOL
Explore Spanish history whilst staying at our villas in Spain
Europe is blessed with an abundance of history, with each and every country being able to tell its own story through a mixture of historic cities and landmarks, monuments, museums and distinctively different local cultures. Spain is certainly no exception with a long list of incredible things to do and see. So when choosing your holiday lettings in Spain, it is always worth exploring what is nearby, especially if you enjoy understanding more about the rich past of the country. Consider staying in one of our traditional villas in Spain and in some cases you’ll be able to see first-hand some of the influences on the country over the years.
Brief overview of Spanish history from the 1400’s
- 1489 Union of the Crowns of Castile and Leon (Isabella I) and Aragon-Catalonia (Fernando II.) whom the title of Catholic King and Queen was given to them by the Pope.
- 1492 Fall of Granada (last Moorish kingdom in Spain), thus completing the Reconquista; Discovery of America, creation of the Spanish Empire
- 1516 Charles I of Habsburg king of Spain, Charles V (1519) at the same time Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation; Spain under the Habsburgs from 1516-1700
- 1701 Philip V of Borbon; Spain under the Bourbons from 1701-1808 and from 1814
- 1705-1713 War of Spanish Succession; Peace of Utrecht (1713): England receives Gibraltar
- 1808-1814 Joseph Bonaparte (brother of Napoleon I) becomes King of Spain; French rule
- 1812 People's Assembly (Cortes) of Cádiz, the first draft Constitution
- 1814 return of the Bourbons
- 1873-74 First Republic
- 1898 Independence of the last Spanish colonies (Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines)
- 1914-1918 Spain is in WWI neutral
- 1931-1936 Second Republic
- 18/07/1936 uprising of the military under General Franco
- 1936-1939 Spanish Civil War, the beginning of the Franco dictatorship
- 1939-1945 Spain in World War II neutral
- 1955 admission to the United Nations
- 11/20/1975 Franco's death
- 22/11/1975 proclaimed Juan Carlos I of Borbón king
- 01.07.1976 Adolfo Suárez Prime Minister
- 07/28/1977 Request for accession to the European Communities
- 10.11.1977 Member of Euro Council
- 07.12.1978 Charter adopted by referendum
- 29.01.1981 Resignation of Prime Minister Suárez (UCD)
- 23/24.02.1981 Coup attempt by sections of the Guardia Civil and the officer corps
- 27/02/1981 Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo (UCD) Prime Minister
- 05/30/1982 Accession to NATO
- 02.12.1982 Felipe González (PSOE) Prime Minister
- 12.06.1985 Treaty of Accession of Spain to the EC in Madrid signed
Spanish monarchy and your holidays
Come with NOVASOL on a voyage of discovery and learn about the political history of Spain and its monarchy. Follow the past of former King Juan Carlos I and his movement of Spain towards a democracy. For nearly forty years, King Juan Carlos played a significant role in mediating and dissipating internal disagreements in Spain before abdicating in the year 2014 in favour of his son, Felipe VI, who sits on the throne today. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 reintroduced a constitutional monarchy to govern Spain, but you can feel like king of the castle with your own luxurious villas in Spain!
Monuments near villas to rent in Spain
Spain has many attractions to offer in terms of historical monuments and, so it is recommended to start planning your itinerary before self-catering in Spain. The palace of Alcázar is a perfect example of a monument that can be enjoyed by the whole family whilst you are on holiday. In Alcázar, the most famous castle in Spain, children can run free with their imagination step back in time to the 12th century to the days of knights, and fairy tales. The towers, thick walls, moat, and amazing educational resources will fascinate you regardless of your age.
Aquaduct Adventures in Spain
The Roman viaduct nearby Alcázar is another amazing resource not to be missed during your stay at NOVASOL’s Spanish villas. This rather imposing and impressive structure from the first and second centuries is an absolute delight. The Roman building is a staggering 28 metres high and 728 metres in length. More incredible still, is the fact that this viaduct supplied the city with water from the river Río Frío right up until the 1970s! This well-conserved double-tiered UNESCO site is testament to the high standard of engineering with which the structure was originally built. So, be sure to pay it a visit from your villas in Spain and marvel at its precise construction and the beauty of the surrounding Segovia!
Traversing the diverse past of Toledo
In Toledo, the capital of Castilla-La Mancha on the river Tajo, many have made their mark throughout history. For centuries Moors, Jews and Christians coincided there peacefully. Whilst staying at your holiday rentals in Spain, make a journey there and let the history of diverse culture in Spain sink in. In the old town is the Cathedral of Santa Maria, Alcázar, numerous churches, a convent and several museums. This area has been a UNESCO hotspot since 1986. Also check out nearby Almadén, with its history of mining and a museum offering guided tours.
Exploring Córdoba from our Spanish holiday villas
In the historic centre of Córdoba, you will find there are distinct Arab influences in the architecture and even down to the coffee they drink there. The area was taken over by invading Muslim armies in the eighth century, leaving behind the historical and architectural masterpiece of the former Mezquita Mosque. The present cathedral is 179 metres long and 134 metres wide, covering an area of over 23,000 square metres and is one of the largest religious buildings in the whole world. Be sure to not to miss this fascinating region whilst renting one of our holiday villas in mainland Spain.
Spanish villas and sightseeing in Salamanca
In Salamanca in 1254, one of the first universities in the world was founded, which still exists today. Notice on the facade of the building, the peculiar mascot of the University, which is a frog sitting on a skull. Salamanca is an ancient settlement which withstood Roman, Visigothic and Moorish rule. Salamanca today has two valuable cathedrals, whilst other attractions include the Roman bridge ‘Puente Romano’. When visiting from your holiday lettings in Spain, do include the ‘House of Shells’, the façade of which has been decorated with 300 sandstone shells and has over the years become an attraction in itself.
Brilliant Bridges in the Basque Country
Visit the most important industrial and port city of the Basque Country whilst you rent self-catering villas in Spain. Vizcaya Bridge in Bilbao was built in 1893 by the engineer Alberto Palacio, and it is often referred to as the ‘Hanging Bridge’. It is not technically a suspension bridge, but a transporter bridge and the oldest of its kind in the world. Rent a car using our guide of things to know about Spain and drive across, or take the ferry, which is open all year round from dawn to dusk. We recommend going here from your holiday lettings as it is even fun to cross the bridge on foot!
Herculean history and self-catering Spain
Another exciting UNESCO World Heritage Site to visit on your holidays to Spain is the Tower of Hercules in A Coruña in Galicia, north-western Spain. Visit this magnificent site during your holiday and you will not be disappointed! This Roman lighthouse from the 2nd century is the world's oldest still in operation. The tower has a height of 68 metres and is located on a 122 metre high hill. The climb of about 242 steps is rewarded with a magnificent view over the sea and the port of A Coruña.
Service – Why NOVASOL?
All those who appreciate learning about history whilst taking a holiday to Spain will also appreciate that NOVASOL has a long history of its own. With almost 50 years’ experience taking customers away on holidays in Europe, we have learned that a personal service and local presence is something that really puts our customers at ease whilst on holiday. Our local offices and dedicated staff in Spain are there for any queries you have regarding your holiday home and the added insiders’ knowledge to make your next self-catering holiday in Spain one to remember. Get started by subscribing to our weekly email newsletter here.